the flowers

This page is a work in progress – as I post about a flower I will endeavour to update this page with information about it. 

I would like to say a big thank you to all the photographers below who kindly shared their work with a Creative Commons License on Flickr.

Agrimony – Agrimonia eupatoria

by Melanie EL (Flickr)

Parts used
The herb harvested at or just prior to flowering.
Active constituents
flavonoids, tannins, bitter glycosides, volatile oil
neutral, bitter, acrid, lungs, liver, spleen
astringent, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, tonic
Medicinal uses
Used to increase secretion of bile and stomach acid, heal and soothe the digestive tract, stop bleeding and diarrhoea and kill parasites. 

Balm of Gilead Poplar – Populus x Gileadensis

Parts used

The leaf and flower buds harvested in winter.

Active constituents

flavonoids, phenolic esters, aromatics acids and esters of cinnamic and courmaric acids, volatile oil – terpenoids (bisabolol)


expectorant, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, counter-irritant

Medicinal uses

Used to treat coughs, colds and sore throats. Used externally in an ointment for muscle and joint pain.

Betony, Wood – Stachys officinalis

By MeganEHansen (Flickr)

Parts used

The herb, gathered when the plant is just coming into flower.

Active Constituents

alkaloids, tannins


Trophorestorative (nervous system), sedative, bitter, astringent

Medicinal uses

Used to treat nerve pain, anxiety and headaches.

Boneset – Eupatorium perfoliatum

Parts used

Borage – Borago officinalis

Bugleweed (Gypsywort) – Lycopus europaeus

by gailhampshire (Flickr)

Catnip (Catmint) – Nepeta cataria

By milesizz (Flickr)

Celandine, Greater – Chelidonium majus

By .Bambo. (Flickr)

Chamomile, German – Matricaria recutita

By hedgerowmobile (Flickr)

Chickweed – Stellaria media

By tina negus (Flickr)

Cleavers (Goosegrass) – Galium aparine

By Dandelion and Burdock (Flickr)

Clover, Red – Trifolium pratense

by ekenitr (Flickr)

Clover, Sweet – Melilotus officinalis

By wackybadger (Flickr)

Corn, Sweet (Maize) – Zea mays

By RaeAllen (Flickr)

Cramp bark – Viburnum opulus

By pihlis1 (Flickr)

(embrocation of flowers externally for muscle cramps)

Cranesbill, American – Geranium maculatum

By aposematic herpetologist (Flickr)

Elder – Sambucus nigra

Eyebright – Euphrasia rostkoviana

Feverfew – Tanacetum parthenium

Figwort – Scrophularia nodosa

Golden Rod – Solidago virgaurea and S. Canadensis

Hawthorn – Cratgaegus laevigata & Crataegus monogyna

Heartsease (Wild Pansy) – Viola tricolour

Hops – Humulus lupulus

Horehound , White – Marrubium vulgare

Hyssop – Hyssopus officinalis

Ivy, Ground – Glechoma Hederacea

Lavender – Lavandula officinalis

Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis

Lime (Linden) – Tilia x Europaea, T. Platyphyllos & T. cordata

Meadowsweet – Filipendula ulmaria

Motherwort – Leonurus cardiac

Mugwort (Cronewort) – Artemisia vulgaris

Mullein – Verbascum Thapsus

Nettle, Stinging – Urtica dioica

Passionflower – Passiflora incarnate

Pill-bearing Spurge/Asthma Plant – Chamaesyce hirta

Pot Marigold – Calendula officinalis

Pulsatilla (Pasque Flower) – Anemone pulsatilla

Rue – Ruta graveolens

Skullcap – Scutellaria lateriflora

St John’s Wort – Hypericum perforatum

Sundew – Drosera rotundifolia

Tansy – Tanacetum vulgare

Thyme, Common  – Thymus vulgaris

Vervain – Verbena officinalis

Violet, Sweet – Viola odorata

Wormwood – Artemisia absinthium

Yarrow – Achillea millefolium

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